37 CFR 41.12: Citation of authority
Taken from the Ninth Edition of the MPEP, Revision 08.2017, Last Revised in January 2018
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41.12 Citation of authority.
- (a) For any United States Supreme Court decision, citation to the United States Reports is preferred.
- (b) For any decision other than a United States Supreme Court decision, citation to the West Reporter System is preferred.
- (c) Citations to authority must include pinpoint citations whenever a specific holding or portion of an authority is invoked.
- (d) Non-binding authority should be used sparingly. If the authority is not an authority of the Office and is not reproduced in the United States Reports or the West Reporter System, a copy of the authority should be provided.
[Added, 69 FR 49959, Aug. 12, 2004, effective Sept. 13, 2004; revised, 76 FR 72270, Nov. 22, 2011, effective Jan. 23, 2012]